Deep geothermal resources for heat supply and waste heat potentials were assessed and measured for a high-temperature dairy plant. For the industrial waste heat, a borehole heat exchanger (BHE) seasonal storage was configured and simulated after an extensive investigation of shallow geothermal resources. We developed a concept for the subsequent use of the residual and waste heat from the plant in a low-temperature heating and cooling (LTHC) grid for the neighbouring former military camp Martinek-Kaserne with a future use as mixed-use urban quarter were investigated in two projects. The modelling of the deep geothermal resources showed that of the three potential reservoirs one is most feasible for geothermal heat supply with temperatures between 129 and 146 °C, which could be used with a high-temperature heat pump for process heat. The waste heat in all sub-processes of the dairy plant were measured over 18 months to identify the most suitable waste heat streams with regard to temperature and continuity. The results showed that 25 % of the waste heat from a sub-process of the plant (fresh products logistics) is sufficient to provide heat for the adjacent LTHC grid with a total energy demand of 3428 MWh per year. The simulation of the BHE field resulted in 96 BHE with 180 m depth for a dis-/charging capacity of 643.7 MWh and 20 decentral heat pumps in the buildings. The BHE field operates quite balanced with only 12.8 MWh of difference in the annual balance. The results of the feasibility study for deep and shallow geothermal resources, and the assessment of the industrial waste heat show that the whole cascade of high-temperature heat for industry to low-temperature heat for the LTHC grid could be realized at the investigated site.
- Efficiency in Industrial Processes and Systems
- geothermal district heating and cooling grids; industrial waste heat; cascade heat use; energy storage; BTES; decentral heat pumps