Attractor reconstruction is a new way to quantify the morphology of a cardiovascular waveform by plotting all data points in the three-dimensional phase space, generating a trajectory of overlapping loops. The aim of this study is to show the feasibility of an automatic approach to quantify pulse wave attractors from a device-guided breathing study, and to link attractor features to pulse waveform features. The recently developed feature extraction technique is applied to arterial pulse waveform data of 30 patients with treated hypertension. The patients performed a device-guided slow breathing exercise. The generated attractors were categorized into three different shapes: triangular attractors, bent attractors and attractors with overlapping arms. The average height of the attractors continuously and progressively dropped from 41.8 [35.4, 55.1] AU to 34.5 [25.4, 47.3] AU (p < 0.001) during the breathing exercise. We have shown that the novel approach to quantify pulse wave attractors is feasible and can be used to detect changes in the morphology of arterial pulse waveforms. Device-guided slow breathing exercise has a shrinking effect on the average height of the attractors, which may indicate a reduction in blood pressure.
- Medical Signal Analysis
- cardiovascular physiology; pulse wave analysis