Objective: To test the diagnostic accuracy of a new automatic algorithm for ictal onset source localization (IOSL) during routine presurgical epilepsy evaluation following STARD (Standards for Reporting of Diagnostic Accuracy) criteria. Methods: We included 28 consecutive patients with refractory focal epilepsy (25 patients with temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) and 3 with extratemporal epilepsy) who underwent resective epilepsy surgery. Ictal EEG patterns were analyzed with a novel automatic IOSL algorithm. IOSL source localizations on a sublobar level were validated by comparison with actual resection sites and seizure free outcome 2 years after surgery. Results: Sensitivity of IOSL was 92.3% (TLE: 92.3%); specificity 60% (TLE: 50%); positive predictive value 66.7% (TLE: 66.7%); and negative predictive value 90% (TLE: 85.7%). The likelihood ratio was more than ten times higher for concordant IOSL results as compared to discordant results (p = 0.013). Conclusions: We demonstrated the clinical feasibility of our IOSL approach yielding reasonable high performance measures on a sublobar level. Significance: Our IOSL method may contribute to a correct localization of the seizure onset zone in temporal lobe epilepsy and can readily be used in standard epilepsy monitoring settings. Further studies are needed for validation in extratemporal epilepsy.
|Seiten (von - bis)||1291-1299|
|Publikationsstatus||Veröffentlicht - 2018|
- Exploration of Digital Health
- new automatic algorithm
- onset source localization