The focus of this paper is on cross-region R&D collaboration funded by the 5th EU Framework Programme (FP5). The objective is to measure distance, institutional, language and technological barrier e ects that may hamper collaborative activities between European regions. Particular emphasis is laid on measuring discrepancies between two types of collaborative R&D activities, those generating output in terms of scientific publications and those that do not. The study area is composed of 255 NUTS-2 regions that cover the pre-2007 member states of the European Union (excluding Malta and Cyprus) as well as Norway and Switzerland. We employ a negative binomial spatial interaction model speci cation to address the research question, along with an eigenvector spatial ltering technique suggested by Fischer and Gri th (2008) to account for the presence of network autocorrelation in the origin-destination cooperation data. The study provides evidence that the role of geographic distance as collaborative deterrent is signi cantly lower if collaborations generate scientific output. Institutional barriers do not play a signicant role for collaborations with scienti c output. Language and technological barriers are smaller but the estimates indicate no signicant discrepancies between the two types of collaborative R&D activities that are in Focus of this study.
- Ehemaliges Research Field - Innovation Systems and Policy
- Research collaboration EU Framework Programme Negative binomial spatial interaction model Spatial lter methodology