Effects of biochar on the fate of conazole fungicides in soils and their bioavailability to earthworms and plants

Nikola Boskovic, Zuzana Bilkova, Marek Sudoma, Lucie Bielska, Lucia Skulcova, Doris Ribitsch, Gerhard Soja, Branislav Vrana, Jakub Hofman

Publikation: Beitrag in FachzeitschriftArtikelBegutachtung


The study showed novel findings about changes in the fate and bioavailability of conazole fungicides (CFs) after biochar (BC) addition to soil. Two contrasting soils (low- and high-sorbing of CF; L soils, H soils) were amended by three BCs (low-, moderate-, and high-sorbing of CF; L-BC, M-BC, H-BC) at 0.2% and 2% doses. Epoxiconazole (EPC) and tebuconazole (TBC) were then added to the soil-BC mixtures, and their degradation, bioaccumulation in earthworms (Eisenia andrei), and bioconcentration in lettuce (Lactuca sativa) were studied for three months. Also, stir bar sorptive extraction (SBSE) was performed to determine CF (bio)accessibility. The EPC and TBC degradation in the soil-BC mixtures followed usually the first-order decay kinetics. The BC addition prevalently decreased the pesticides degradation in the L soil mixtures but often increased it in the H soil mixtures. In general, EPC degraded less than TBC. BC type and dose roles in the pesticides degradation were unclear. The BC addition significantly reduced pesticide uptake to the earthworms in the L soil mixtures (by 37-96%) and in the H soil mixtures (by 6-89%) with 2% BC. The BC addition reduced pesticide uptake to the lettuce roots and leaves significantly-up to two orders of magnitude, and this reduction was strong in H soil mixtures at 2% of BC. The BC addition reduced the CF (bio)accessibility measured by SBSE in all L soil mixtures and some H soil mixtures with 2% BC. Although not significant, it also seems that the pesticide bioaccumulation, bioconcentration, and (bio)accessibility were decreasing according to the BC type (L-BC > M-BC > H-BC). The pesticide concentrations in the earthworms and lettuce correlated significantly to the SBSE results, which indicates this technique as a possible predictor of biotic uptake. Our results showed that the interactions were hard to predict in the complex soil-BC-pesticide system.
Seiten (von - bis)23323-23337
FachzeitschriftEnvironmental Science and Pollution Research
Frühes Online-DatumNov. 2021
PublikationsstatusVeröffentlicht - Apr. 2022

Research Field

  • Ehemaliges Research Field - Health and Bioresources


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