Graphene-based field-effect transistors for biosensing: where is the field heading to?

Sabine Szunerits, Teresa Isabel Loureiro Fidalgo do Vale Rodrigues, Rupali Bagale, Henri Happy, Rabah Boukherroub, Wolfgang Knoll

    Publikation: Beitrag in FachzeitschriftArtikelBegutachtung


    Two-dimensional (2D) materials hold great promise for future applications, notably their use as biosensing channels in the field-effect transistor (FET) configuration. On the road to implementing one of the most widely used 2D materials, graphene, in FETs for biosensing, key issues such as operation conditions, sensitivity, selectivity, reportability, and economic viability have to be considered and addressed correctly. As the detection of bioreceptor-analyte binding events using a graphene-based FET (gFET) biosensor transducer is due to either graphene doping and/or electrostatic gating effects with resulting modulation of the electrical transistor characteristics, the gFET configuration as well as the surface ligands to be used have an important influence on the sensor performance. While the use of back-gating still grabs attention among the sensor community, top-gated and liquid-gated versions have started to dominate this area. The latest efforts on gFET designs for the sensing of nucleic acids, proteins and virus particles in different biofluids are presented herewith, highlighting the strategies presently engaged around gFET design and choosing the right bioreceptor for relevant biomarkers.
    FachzeitschriftAnalytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
    Frühes Online-Datum3 Juni 2023
    PublikationsstatusVeröffentlicht - 3 Juni 2023

    Research Field

    • Biosensor Technologies


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