A plasmonic biosensor for rapid detection of protein biomarkers in complex media is reported. Clinical serum samples were analyzed by using a novel biointerface architecture based on poly[(N-(2-hydroxypropyl) methacrylamide)-co-(carboxybetaine methacrylamide)] brushes functionalized with bioreceptors. This biointerface provided an excellent resistance to fouling even after the functionalization and allowed for the first time the direct detection of antibodies against hepatitis B surface antigen (anti-HBs) in clinical serum samples using surface plasmon resonance (SPR). The fabricated SPR biosensor allowed discrimination of anti-HBs positive and negative clinical samples in 10 min. Results are validated by enzyme-linked immunoassays of the sera in a certified laboratory. The sensor could be regenerated by simple treatment with glycine buffer.
- Biosensor Technologies
- Surface plasmon resonance Biosensors
- Polymer brushes