Microstructuring of Thermoresponsive Biofunctional Hydrogels by Multiphoton Photocrosslinking

Yevhenii M. Morozov, Fiona Wiesner (née Diehl), Jonas J. Grün, Matthias Pertiller, Stefan Fossati, Katharina Schmidt, Nestor Gisbert Quilis, Claudia Gusenbauer, Barbara Zbiral, Jose Luis Toca‐Herrera, Sven Klees, Clinton Richard Victor Thiagarajan, Ulrich Jonas, Jakub Dostalek

Publikation: Beitrag in FachzeitschriftArtikelBegutachtung


A pioneering method is reported for creating thermoresponsive biofunctional hydrogel microstructures using maskless multiphoton lithography. Departing from conventional multiphoton-triggered polymerization-based techniques, this approach relies on simultaneous photocrosslinking and attachment of already pre-synthesized polymer chains onto solid substrates. The method allows improving control over polymer network characteristics and enables facile integration of additional functionalities through postmodification with biomolecules at specific sites. Exploring two distinct benzophenone- and anthraquinone-based photocrosslinkers incorporated into specially designed poly(N-isopropyl acrylamide)-based co- and terpolymers, the photocrosslinking efficacy is scrutinized with the use of a custom femtosecond near-infrared laser lithographer. Comprehensive characterization via surface plasmon resonance imaging, atomic force microscopy, and optical fluorescence microscopy reveals swelling behavior and demonstrates postmodification feasibility. Notably, within a specific range of multiphoton photocrosslinking parameters, the surface-attached microstructures exhibit a quasiperiodic topography akin to wrinkle-pattern formation. Leveraging the capabilities of established multiphoton lithographer systems that offer fast pattern writing with high resolution, this approach holds great promise for the versatile fabrication of multifunctional 3D micro- and nanostructures. Such tailored responsive biofunctional materials with spatial control over composition, swelling behavior, and postmodification are particularly attractive in the areas of bioanalytical and biomedical technologies.Maskless multiphoton lithography is harnessed to craft thermoresponsive biofunctional hydrogel microstructures, employing simultaneous photocrosslinking of pre-synthesized polymer chains. The impact of benzophenone- and anthraquinone-based photocrosslinkers, integrated in poly(N-isopropyl acrylamide)-based co- and terpolymers, is thoroughly examined. This approach, combined with postmodification involving biomolecular species, yields highly adaptable thermoresponsive biofunctional materials. These findings hold particular potential in bioanalytical and biomedical technologies. image
FachzeitschriftAdvanced Functional Materials
PublikationsstatusVeröffentlicht - 22 Feb. 2024

Research Field

  • Biosensor Technologies


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