The fading process in high speed vehicular traffic telematic applications at 5 GHz is expected to fulfill the wide-sense stationarity uncorrelated scattering (WSSUS) assumption for very short time-intervals only. In order to test this assumption we apply the concept of a local time- and frequency-variant scattering function, which we estimate from measurements of vehicle-to-vehicle wave propagation channels by means of a multi-window spectrogram. The obtained temporal sequence of local scattering functions (LSF) is used to calculate a collinearity measure. We define the stationarity time as the support of the region where the collinearity exceeds a certain threshold. The stationarity time is the maximum time duration over which the WSSUS assumption is valid. Measurements from an highway with vehicles driving in opposite directions show stationarity times as small as 23 ms whereas vehicles driving in the same direction show stationarity times of 1479 ms.
|2008 International ITG Workshop on Smart Antennas
|26/02/08 → 27/02/08
- Enabling Digital Technologies