Due to lack of measurements of activity concentrations in air, the assessment of the inhalation dose of the population evacuated from the 30-km Zone after the Chernobyl accident is not possible from continuous Filter measurements. Since the evaluation of the inhalation dose in each settlement of the Zone is of great interest for epidemiological purposes, an approach was chosen that utilizes the available data an ground deposition of 137Cs, a recently performed best estimate of the radionuclide vector and its spatial distribution as well as the radionuclide dependent deposition velocity. The derived inhalation dose values in the 30-km Zone range between 3 mSv to 150 mSv effective dose for adults depending an the distance to the reactor site and the day of evacuation. For 1-y-old infants the values range between 10 to 700 mSv. In Chernobyl town, an effective inhalation dose of 25 mSv until evacuation day was assessed. Thyroid doses due to inhalation ranged from 0.02 to 1 Sv for adults, for 1-y-old infants from 0.02 to 6 Sv. The inhalation dose in each settlement of the 30-km Zone is approximately 8-13 times higher than the external exposure in each settlement if evacuation of the settlement occurred at an early stage. For settlements with evacuation at a later stage (day 10 or later) the Inhalation dose was about 50-70% higher than the external dose. The dominant contribution to the effective inhalation dose comes from 1311 (about 40%) and tellurium and rubidium isotopes (about 20-30%). Despite high zirconium and cerium ground depositions, zirconium and cerium isotopes contribute rather little to the Inhalation dose which is mainly due to the great particle sizes to which they are attached. The relative contribution of short-lived radionuclides is, despite higher activities than at greater distances, less than 5%.
|Seiten (von - bis)||157-172|
|Publikationsstatus||Veröffentlicht - 2002|
- Biosensor Technologies