Probe vehicles equipped with GPS can be used to permanently collect traffic speed information for an entire road network, and the statistical mean value of link speeds collected over time is often used as an estimator for mid-term predictions. For road links with sparse probe vehicle data, the estimated mean may be too inaccurate due to the low sample size, and speeds for road links with missing probe vehicle data must be imputed from other data. This paper proposes to apply a Gaussian-mixture based technique to increase the robustness of speed estimates. Typical shapes of the diurnal speed curve are learnt from historical data of all links in the road network. The model is able to provide robust estimates of mean speed curves based on only a few available observations and drastically reduces the amount of data needed to store them by 95 %. Experimental results on a comprehensive set of 857527 day speed curves show that the predictions are superior to traditional approaches based on aggregated or disaggregated historical mean values.
|Titel||Proceedings 15th IEEE Intelligent Transportation Systems Conference|
|Publikationsstatus||Veröffentlicht - 2012|
|Veranstaltung||Intelligent Transportation Systems Conference 2012 - |
Dauer: 16 Sept. 2012 → 19 Sept. 2012
|Konferenz||Intelligent Transportation Systems Conference 2012|
|Zeitraum||16/09/12 → 19/09/12|
- Ehemaliges Research Field - Mobility Systems