Self-reported childhood family adversity is linked to an attenuated gain of trust during adolescence

Andrea M.F. Reiter, Andreas Hula, Lucy Vanes, Tobias U. Hauser, Danae Kokorikou, Ian Goodyer, Peter Fonagy, Michael Moutoussis, Ray Dolan, NSPN Consortium, NSPN Principle Investigators, NSPN staff

Publikation: Beitrag in FachzeitschriftArtikelBegutachtung


A longstanding proposal in developmental research is that childhood family experiences provide a template that shapes a capacity for trust-based social relationships. We leveraged longitudinal data from a cohort of healthy adolescents (n= 570, aged 14–25), which included decision-making and psychometric data, to characterise normative developmental trajectories of trust behaviour and inter-individual differences therein. Extending on previous cross-sectional findings from the same cohort, we show that a task-based measure of trust increases longitudinally from adolescence into young adulthood. Computational modelling suggests this is due to a decrease in social risk aversion. Self-reported family adversity attenuates this developmental gain in trust behaviour, and within our computational model, this relates to a higher ‘irritability’ parameter in those reporting greater adversity. Unconditional trust at measurement time point T1 predicts the longitudinal trajectory of self-reported peer relation quality, particularly so for those with higher family adversity, consistent with trust acting as a resilience factor.
FachzeitschriftNature Communications
PublikationsstatusVeröffentlicht - Jan. 2023

Research Field

  • Road Infrastructure Assessment, Modelling and Safety Evaluation


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