Sex differences in pressure and flow waveform physiology across the life course

Dean S. Picone, Vimarsha Kodithuwakku, Christopher Clemens Mayer, Niamh Chapman, Sabah Rehman, Rachel E. Climie

Publikation: Beitrag in FachzeitschriftArtikelBegutachtung


Cardiovascular disease (CVD) has long been deemed a disease of old men. However, in 2019 CVD accounted for 35% of all deaths in women and, therefore, remains the leading cause of death in both men and women. There is increasing evidence to show that risk factors, pathophysiology and health outcomes related to CVD differ in women compared with men, yet CVD in women remains understudied, underdiagnosed and undertreated. Differences exist between the sexes in relation to the structure of the heart and vasculature, which translate into differences in blood pressure and flow waveform physiology. These physiological differences between women and men may represent an important explanatory factor contributing to the sex disparity in CVD presentation and outcomes but remain understudied. In this review we aim to describe sex differences in arterial pressure and flow waveform physiology and explore how they may contribute to differences in CVD in women compared to men. Given that unfavourable alterations in the cardiovascular structure and function can start as early as in utero, we report sex differences in waveform physiology across the entire life course.
Seiten (von - bis)2373-2384
FachzeitschriftJournal of Hypertension
PublikationsstatusVeröffentlicht - 2022

Research Field

  • Medical Signal Analysis


  • arterial
  • artery
  • cardiovascular physiology
  • pulse wave analysis


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