Structural, Morphological and Interfacial Investigation of H2V3O8 upon Mg2+ Intercalation

Yuri Surace, Martina Romio, Marco Amores, Raad Hamid, Damian Cupid, Markus Sauer, Annette Foelske, Marcus Jahn

Publikation: Beitrag in FachzeitschriftArtikelBegutachtung

Abstract

Magnesium-ion batteries (MIBs) are a promising alternative to lithium-ion batteries due to their higher theoretical energy densities and lower cost. However, fundamental limitations such as the sluggish diffusion of Mg2+ ions into cathode materials have hindered their practical implementation. In this work, the structural, morphological and interfacial changes of H2V3O8, a promising cathode material for MIBs, are elucidated upon Mg2+ intercalation in TFSI-based electrolytes. Post-mortem analysis revealed a shrinkage of the interlayer distance, an increase in cell volume, and a decrease of the surface V5+/V4+ ratio during discharge. These changes were only partially reversible upon subsequent charge due to Mg trapping. A cathode electrolyte interphase (CEI) formed mainly of TFSI- anions, its decomposition products, and MgF2 was detected on the surface of H2V3O8. The CEI thickness and chemical composition vary upon charge and discharge as well as during prolonged cycling, and its presence correlates with the additional capacity recorded during discharge. Our study aims to contribute to a better understanding of Mg2+ intercalation and cathode-electrolyte interaction in high voltage cathode materials for MIBs.
OriginalspracheEnglisch
Seitenumfang12
FachzeitschriftBatteries & Supercaps
DOIs
PublikationsstatusVeröffentlicht - Jan. 2023

Research Field

  • Battery Materials Development and Characterisation

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