Tolerance of Al–Mg–Si Wrought Alloys for High Fe Contents: The Role of Effective Si

Publikation: Beitrag in FachzeitschriftArtikelBegutachtung


Aluminum scrap is often contaminated with steel parts, leading to accumulation of Fe in recycled Al alloys. Consequently, low limits for Fe in Al wrought alloys are difficult to meet by recycling without dilution with primary Al. Wrought alloys with a higher tolerance for Fe could help overcome this problem and improve the sustainability of Al wrought products. Here we study the effects of increasing the Fe content in EN AW-6060, 6005A, and 6082 from 0.2 to 0.7 wt pct. The microstructure and mechanical properties of the alloys after extrusion and artificial ageing are compared to the standard alloys. We found that 6082 is more tolerant to above-standard Fe contents than 6005A, which in turn is more tolerant than 6060: the strength of the 6082-based alloy with increased Fe content is comparable to that of standard 6082 and the elongation at break is increased. In contrast, the artificial ageing potential of the 6060-based alloy with more Fe is drastically reduced compared to 6060. This data and literature values show that the effective Si content is a good overall predictor of alloy strength. Effective Si is not bound in AlFeSi-type phases and is available for precipitation hardening. Additional effects of increased Fe levels are discussed.
Seiten (von - bis)4472-4480
FachzeitschriftMetallurgical and Materials Transactions A
PublikationsstatusVeröffentlicht - 10 Sept. 2023

Research Field

  • Advanced Forming Processes and Components


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