Benchmarking release, circuit and containment codes against Phebus FP

A. V. Jones, J. Haste Tim, H.J. Allelein, F. Oriolo, F. De Rosa, B.R. Bowsher, J. Lopez-Jimenez, F. Martin-Fuertes, Gert Sdouz, M. Kissane, K. Müll, J. Birchley

    Research output: Chapter in Book or Conference ProceedingsConference Proceedings with Oral Presentationpeer-review

    Abstract

    PHEBEN was a concerted action with eleven partners, benchmarking modeling codes against fission product release, circuit transport, containment aerosol physics and containment chemistry data from the in-pile experimental programme Phebus-FP. The codes gave a satisfactory overall picture of the first two tests FPT-0 and FPT-1, with generally good predictions of containment thermal hydraulics and aerosol physics. Release models performed quite well, although the predicted release of semi-volatiles was too great and the observed effect of changing fuel geometry (rod-like to melt pool) is not considered. In the circuit, codes now predict correctly that most elements are in aerosol form, but while the zone of greatest deposition is well predicted, the amount of deposition is not. Containment chemistry models for silver/iodine reactions, which can trap iodine in the sump water, so reducing its presence in the atmosphere and potentially reducing the source term, have been successfully developed and validated. Overall, the focus of severe accident research is being significantly affected by Phebus results and effort in this area is expected to continue.
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationFISA 99 - EU research in reactor safety. Conclusion symposium on shared-cost and concerted actions Euratom framework programme 1994-98. Specific programme for research and training on "Nuclear fission safety" - Innovative approaches and reactor safety
    Pages394-401
    Number of pages8
    Publication statusPublished - 2000
    EventFISA 99 - EU research in reactor safety. Conclusion symposium on shared-cost and concerted actions -
    Duration: 1 Jan 2000 → …

    Conference

    ConferenceFISA 99 - EU research in reactor safety. Conclusion symposium on shared-cost and concerted actions
    Period1/01/00 → …

    Research Field

    • Not defined

    Keywords

    • PHEBUS-Reaktor
    • Spaltproduktfreisetzung
    • Reaktorunfälle
    • Sicherheit
    • PHEBUS-reactor
    • fission product release
    • reactor accidents
    • safety

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