Novel Magnesium Nanocomposite for Wire-Arc Directed Energy Deposition

Hajo Dieringa, Maria Nienaber, Danai Giannopoulou, Jonas Isakovic, Jan Bohlen, Milli Suchita Kujur, Noomane Ben Khalifa, Thomas Klein, Stefan Gneiger

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Magnesium alloys play an essential role in metallic lightweight construction for modern mobility applications due to their low density, excellent specific strength, and very good castability. For some years now, degradable implants have also been made from magnesium alloys, which, thanks to this special functionality, save patients a second surgery for explantation. New additive manufacturing processes, which are divided into powder-based and wire-based processes depending on the feedstock used, can be utilized for these applications. Therefore, magnesium alloys should also be used here, but this is hardly ever implemented, and few literature reports exist on this subject. This is attributable to the high affinity of magnesium to oxygen, which makes the use of powders difficult. Therefore, magnesium wires are likely to be used. In this paper, a magnesium-based nanocomposite wire is made from an AM60 (Mg-6Al-0.4Mn) (reinforced with 1 wt% AlN nanoparticles and containing calcium to reduce flammability), using a high-shear process and then extruded into wires. These wires are then used as feedstock to build up samples by wire-arc directed energy deposition, and their mechanical properties and microstructure are examined. Our results show that although the ductility is reduced by adding calcium and nanoparticles, the yield strength in the welding direction and perpendicular to it is increased to 131 MPa.
Original languageAmerican English
Number of pages11
JournalMDPI Materials
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 21 Jan 2024

Research Field

  • Wire-Based Additive Manufacturing


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