Rapid Detection of Virus Infections in Cell Cultures using a Lab-on-a-Chip

Michaela Purtscher, Mario Rothbauer, Andrew Bailey, Peter Ertl

Research output: Chapter in Book or Conference ProceedingsConference Proceedings with Poster Presentationpeer-review

Abstract

Retroviral vectors are the most commonly used gene-delivery system in biomedical research due to their stabile integration into the host´s genome and inheritance during cell replication. Despite the recently achieved safety improvements using replicaton-defective retroviral vectors still pose a hazard potential of obtaining replication-competent viruses due to recombination events during vector preparation. Consequently, stringent governmental regulations mandate extensive screening for replication-competent retroviruses in all products, vectors and transduced cell lines. Among others cell-based infectivity assays are routinely performed to determine the presence of viral infections or to demonstrate viral clearance. Although cell-based assays are widely used they suffer from poor reproducibility, reliability and are time and labor-intensive. To overcome these technological limitations we have developed a miniaturized and automated a cell-based microsystem consisting of embedded impedance microsensors enabling non-invasive monitoring of virus infections in cell cultures. Our extended infectivity assay is based on simultaneous cellular virus amplification und cellular virus recognition by combining two microfluidic cell cultures on a single chip platform. While virus amplification and release is accomplished by M.dunni resulting viral infection is detected using the indicator cell line PG-4. We demonstrated that the integration of two cell cultures in a lab-on-a-chip containing embedded microsensors allows for reliable identification of retrovirus activity within 70 hours using Murine Leukemia Virus based assay.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2nd Conference on Impedance-Based Cellular Assays
Pages101
Number of pages1
Publication statusPublished - 2013
Event2nd Conference on Impedance-Based Cellular Assays -
Duration: 21 Aug 201323 Aug 2013

Conference

Conference2nd Conference on Impedance-Based Cellular Assays
Period21/08/1323/08/13

Research Field

  • Biosensor Technologies

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